The Day after the Palestinian President
By: Reham R. Owda, Political Analyst
From times to times, Palestinian people receive contradictory news about the health status of Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas.
Once there are some news that Palestinian President is in good health but he has been hospitalized for doing some medical checkup and another time there are some news that the Palestinian president is in critical health situation and his life might be under risk.
There are no clear or credible news about the real health situation of Palestinian President, which may reassure Palestinian people about the situation of their President and the future of their country, if the position of Palestinian President becomes suddenly vacant.
So far, Palestinian division between Hamas and Fatah movements continues aimed the failure of national reconciliation and the disagreement between both movements on the rule of the Gaza Strip.
Thus, Palestinians have not clear political vision regarding what next, if one day, they lost their president.
However, there are five scenarios, if the Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas leaves his position for any reasons, without assigning a new successor after him:
The Role of Supreme Constitutional Court
Since 2007 , the Palestinian Legislative Council has not been active, so legally it has the similar situation of “dissolved council” , a situation that may prevent the senior member of Hamas and the head of the Palestinian Legislative Council , Dr. Abedlaziz Dewik to assume presidency of the state according to Palestinian basic law , due to legal hindrance.
In this case, the President of the Supreme Constitutional Court will be appointed as PA Interim President, according to the article number (120) in the Palestinian Constitution Third Draft (2003), which states:
“Should the Speaker of the House wish to submit his candidacy for presidency, or should a legal hindrance prevent him from assuming presidency, the head of the Constitutional Court shall assume presidency temporarily until election of the president. The head of the court may not be a presidential candidate”
The Role of Palestinian Prime Minister
If the President of the Constitutional Court becomes as the Interim PA President, the current Palestinian Prime Minister Rami Al Hamdallah, may continue managing the affairs of the PA institutions with the declaration of state of emergency.
The Palestinians governmental institutions in West Bank may continue operating as usual with some international support, to prevent the full collapse of Palestinian Authority, which is considered by international community, the nucleus of future Palestinian State.
Regarding Gaza, the Palestinian Authority may maintain a low-level of coordination with some of its branches in the Gaza Strip; this coordination may cover just the urgent humanitarian needs of Gazans, without involving Ramallah authority in the paying of all Gaza bills.
Excessive Security Plan in West Bank
Recently, many Israeli media published some concerns of former Israeli security officers, regarding the possibility of collapsing the Palestinian Authority in the day after PA President Abbas.
But this scenario may not happen , as the Palestinian Authority in Ramallah has learned a tough lesson from its previous experience in the Gaza Strip , and it may not allow the repeating of the same security mistakes done in the past, when Hamas succeeded in overthrowing it from Gaza.
It sounds that the PA security system included Palestinian General Intelligence Service, headed by Majid Faraj, have an affirmative security plan to maintain security control over the West Bank, to prevent any internal or external infiltration within the Palestinian security system, and any security chaos in West Bank.
One of the signs of this security plan, is the previous security measures taken by the Palestinian authority regarding the retirement of its military and security employees in Gaza whom have been replaced by new security officers from West Bank.
This step indicates the desire of the Palestinian Authority to increase the number of its security personnel in West Bank to enforce strict security control over the West Bank.
Another sign of full security control of PA over the West Bank, the use of force by PA security members against the peaceful protestors of Ramallah, who demand the lifting of Abbas punishment procedures against Gaza.
The tough procedures that PA security forces applied it, for handling these types of demonstrations in West Bank, indicates that PA security leaders still have big concerns and fears of the possibility of repeating the same scenario of Hamas coup in West Bank.
Thus, they have an affirmative security policy against any political activities that may cause instability in the security and political situation in West Bank.
So far , it is quite difficult to predict that Hamas could do another coup against Palestinian authority , because its military position in West Bank is not strong enough to revolt against Palestinian Authority, due to the continues Israeli military campaigns against Hamas members in West Bank.
Actually, these Israeli military campaigns play a big role in the weakness of Hamas members in West Bank, particularly when Israel insists to disarm Hamas activists and prevent the growth of any new Hamas military cells in West Bank.
Presidential Election in West Bank Only
If the President of the Supreme Constitutional Court, becomes as Interim PA President, then he may start the preparations for presidential election in Gaza and West Bank.
But, it is more likely that Hamas will refuse to hold the presidential election in Gaza due to the exclusion of its member and the head of Palestinian legalization council, Dr Abdel Al Azez Dewik from the presidency.
Therefore, it is possible that the Interim PA President will make a decision to hold the presidential election in West Bank only, without Gaza, in order to fill the vacuum in governance, and prevent the collapse of Palestinian Authority.
It is likely also; that one leader from Fatah movement or an independent leader loyal to Fatah may nominate himself for the new term of the presidential election in West Bank, and this person could receive an official recognition from some Arabic and Western countries to prevent any security chaos in West Bank.
Hamas Rules Gaza until The Next War
If new Palestinian President heads the Palestinian Authority in West Bank without the agreement of Hamas, Hamas may continue ruling the Gaza Strip, as long as a new war with Israel erupts.
Since the last war on Gaza 2014, Hamas leaders have promoted for new war witg Israel, and they named it by “The Promise of the Hereafter “, the great battle of the liberation of Jerusalem according to the statements of Dr. Mahmoud Al Zahar , a senior Hamas leader.
Thus, if Hamas involved itself in a new war with Israel, this may determine its fate in Gaza, as if it won the war this may root it more in the Gaza Strip and promote it in West Bank.
However, if Hamas lost the next war, and Israel succeeded in disarming it, a new political era may begin in the Gaza Strip without Hamas.
Analysis: The Real Reasons, behind the Great Return March in Gaza
By: Reham R. Owda
8th May 2018
In the last Friday of March 2018 , thousands of Gaza protesters gathered near Gaza boarders with Israel , and they started clashes with Israeli soldiers with strong support of some Palestinian political factions , particularly Hamas movement .
Since 30 March 2018, the young protesters have determined each Friday as a day of rage under the cadre of Great Return March, and they expose their lives for big risks of being killed by Israeli live fire or attacked by tire gas.
According to the Palestinian Health Ministry in Gaza, nearly forty Palestinians have been killed and almost 2,200 wounded by live fire during Great Return March .Five of those killed were children and two were journalists.
This big number of casualties among Palestinian protesters has raised some questions among Palestinian people about the loss and benefits of this type of dangerous demonstration near Israeli borders. In addition, led the Palestinian President, Mahmoud Abbas to call on Palestinians to keep their children from protests along the border between Israel and Gaza, warning of a “handicapped” generation, as the death toll from Israeli fire on protesters in the Gaza Strip mounts.
On the other hand, Hamas leaders have declared also that the protests of Fridays are just part of preparation process for the big planned march day expected to be launched on 15 May, 2018 , which is the memorial day of Palestinian catastrophe ( Al Nakba).
Given the real reasons behind the Great Return March in Gaza, I can assume that these reasons are the following:
Reminding The World by the Rights of Palestinian Refugees
In the light of internal conflict in Syria, and the crisis of Syrians refugees who flow the world. Palestinian refugees became as secondary interests for the international community, as most of the attention now is towards providing humanitarian support for Syrian refugees. It is seldom, to find international leaders who express in this time, their concerns about the Palestinian refugees of 1948 war.
Just before the launching of the first activities of the Great Return March by three months ago , the Trump’s administration declared its restricted policy towards UNRWA , the sole United Nations Relief Agency targeting more than five millions registered Palestinian refugees in the occupied Palestinian territories , Jordan , Lebanon and Syria.
Thus, in January 2018, The US government had cut more than half of its planned funding to UNRWA, a move that increased big concerns among Palestinians , particularly Hamas leaders , as UNRWA has big programmes which alleviate the humanitarian crisis in Gaza.
Furthermore, cutting the American funds for UNRWA can be considered as indirect message from Trump’s administration to Palestinian leaders that Palestinian refugees file will be out of negotiation table in any final peace plan and Palestinian refugees will be deprived from their rights of return to British Mandated Palestine before 1948 .
Thus , Hamas and in coordination with other left and Islamic Palestinian political factions such as PFLP and Islamic Jihad , support the Great Return March to alarm the Americans first and other international leaders about the right of return for Palestinian refugees based on UN resolution number 194.
Holding Israel Accountable on Gaza Blockade
Just after the Hamas victory in the last Palestinian legalization elections in 2006 and the start of Hamas rule in Gaza, Israel had imposed siege on the Gaza strip and declared it as an enemy entity, particularly after the capture of Israeli soldier Gilad Shalit by Hamas armed forces.
Until now, Israel imposes tight policy towards the Gaza Strip and it controls the main trade crossings of the strip.
Due to both Palestinian political division and the Israeli blockade, Gaza peoples suffer from dire humanitarian and economic crisis, as according to UN report, the Gaza Strip could become “uninhabitable” by 2020, if current economic trends persist.
So far , Israel doesn’t lose any opportunity to blame Hamas in each time on the humanitarian and economic crisis in Gaza , trying to incite Gaza people against Hamas leaders through posting inciting messages and videos against Hamas via Israeli social media sites.
Theses Israeli attempts of deforming Hamas image before Palestinians and Arab people led Hamas to support the Great Return March , to return the blow to Israel and send it direct message that Gaza people will revolute against Israel not Hamas and soon or later , Gaza will be as an explosive bomb against Israel itself no longer Hamas.
Refusing the Opening of American Embassy in Jerusalem
On 6 December , 2018 , the American President , Donald Trump declared that Jerusalem is the capital of Israel and he will open the American Embassy in Jerusalem during the Israeli independent day in May 2018 .
This American statement about Jerusalem following by American attempts to develop new peace deal between Israelis and Palestinians which doesn’t meet the expectations of Palestinian leaders , have inflamed big anger among Palestinians and particularly Hamas leaders.
Therefore, Hamas with the support of other Palestinian political factions decided to launch big march along Gaza- Israeli borders in order to express its strong rejection to the American decision on Jerusalem and any potential peace deal.
So, this Return March might be a Palestinian attempt to delay as soon as possible the process of opening the American embassy in Jerusalem and to sabotage the potential peace deal.
Although, the security crisis in Israeli- Gaza borders, it sounds that both Israelis and Americans leaders are insisting to open the American embassy in Jerusalem regardless of the price that they may pay due to this decision.
Launching New Intifada Aimed the Failure of Palestinian Reconciliation
Over eleven years, Palestinians have struggled in internal conflict between the main Palestinian political factions, Fateh and Hamas.
This Palestinian division spreads anger and despair among Palestinians, until Egypt has decided to mediate strongly in the reconciliation process between Fatah and Hamas. A step that raised some hopes among Gazans and lead Palestinian Prime Minister, Rami Al Hamadalloh to come in October, 2017 to Gaza with his officers in historical visit covered by most of Palestinian and Arabic media.
On 12 March 2018 , the Palestinian Prime Minister , Rami Al Hamadallah and the head of Palestinian security intelligence , Majed Faraj came for second time to Gaza to open water desalination project . A short visit that resulted a death threat against both Hamadallah and Faraj , due to the explosion of bomb planted in the main road between Erez crossing , Gaza side and Beith Hanoun.
This explosion changed completely the political game between Hamas and Palestinian authority in Ramallah, and increased more the conflict between both, which led to the big failure of Palestinian reconciliation.
So far, the failure of Palestinian reconciliation causes huge disappointment of Gaza people from their political leaders, so for Hamas the Return March could be a great opportunity for it to orient the negative feelings of Gaza people towards Israel, in order to reduce certain amount of popular pressure on Hamas.
With this Return March , Hams has succeed also in portraying Israeli soldiers before international community as violent soldiers who kill peaceful protestors , and most human rights activists may blame now Israel not Hamas on the using of excessive force against civilian protestors .
Furthermore, the head of Hamas bureau, Isamel Hanieh declared officially that the Great Return March will be the first step of launching Intifada for Jerusalem and against the Israeli occupation, announcing new phase in Palestinian political arena.
Imposing Pressure on Israel to Make Prisoners’ Deal
After the end of Gaza War 2014 , Hamas declared that it had captured two Israeli soldiers Hadar Goldin and Oron Shaul, but Israeli army announced that both soldiers were killed during the war and it asked Hamas to return their bodies soon.
Later, Israeli government announced the missing of two live, apparently mentally ill Israeli civilians Abera Mengistu and Hisham al-Sayed, who entered Gaza of their own volition in 2014 and 2015, respectively.
The main goal of Hamas in keeping Israeli prisoners in Gaza is to exchange them with hundreds of Palestinian prisoners in Israeli prisons, similar to what happened in previous Shalit deal.
However, Israeli government turned a blind eye on any threat of Hamas related to Israeli prisoners, and it denies that Hamas has live Israeli soldiers.
So the delay of Israeli decision towards the possibility of making prisoners’ exchange deal with Hamas, led Hamas leaders to use also the card of Great Return March , as a pressuring tool to force Israel to make big prisoners’ deal , similar to the previous deal of Shalit in 2011.
Thus, many rumors spread about the possibility of starting indirect and secret negotiations between Hamas and Israeli government via Egypt, so far, Hamas leaders may want to use the Return March as security pressure on Israel to make it accepts their negotiation conditions.
Sabotaging the Building of Security Barriers along Israeli Borders with Gaza
Through the continues attempts of Israeli military to expose Hamas tunnels near Israeli borders, and the start of building Israeli security barriers under the ground of Israeli borders with Gaza.
Hamas may recognize that there is a serious threat on its strategic attack weapon against Israel that can be used in any potential war.
Therefore Hamas might find the Great Return March organized near the Israeli borders, and the clashes between Gaza protestors and Israeli soldiers, as new political tactic to sabotage the Israeli military project against Hamas tunnels , if not it will certainly delay it for long period, until Hamas find practical solution for protecting its tunnels.
Short Brief about Political and Humanitarian Situation in Gaza
March , 2018
By : Reham Owda
The Palestinian political context is one of the most complicated context in the Middle East due to the nature of Israeli-Palestinian conflict which last more than 60 years without reaching any just solution for both Peoples.
Since OSLO accord , the peace process between Israelis and Palestinians has faced many challenges and obstacles such as the expansion of Israeli settlements in West Bank , the long delay of finding just solution for Palestinian refugees , the control of Hamas over the Gaza Strip and the unilateral political steps taken by both parties , the Israeli government and Palestinian authority.
All these challenges had been reflected negatively on the political situation in Palestine and delayed the final solution of the Palestinian political conflict.
In addition to the negative impacts of Israeli Palestinian conflict , the political situation in Palestinian is deteriorating due to the Israeli wars on Gaza , the continues Palestinian division between Hamas and Fatah movements and the blockade on the Gaza Strip which have negative implications on the human rights situation in Palestinian community and the economic and social situation in Gaza as most of Gaza civilians are denied from their basic human right which is the freedom of movement and travel due to the closure of Rafah crossing , the main gate of Gaza to the external world. Due to Blockade and Palestinian division , Gaza population suffer also from humanitarian crisis such as shortage of electricity, lack of water , the pollution of its main sea and the high percent of unemployment among youth , all these problems led United Nations to declare international alert to save Gaza as it will be not livable place by 2020.
Four Scenarios, If Gaza Becomes As Rebel Territory
By: Reham. R. Owda, Political Analyst
Written on 25/5/2017
In mid-March 2017, Hamas movement had created an administrative committee to manage the internal affairs of the Gaza Strip.
This committee is considered by the most of Palestinians politicians, as shadow government that plays a big role in marginalizing the Ministers of the Consensus Government, whom appointed by the Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas
Following the official announcement of Hamas, about the launch of the first activity of this committee, President Abbas sent on 18/4/2017 his Fateh delegation, to ask Hamas for dissolving the committee and handing over Gaza to the Palestinian Authority in Ramallah
But, Hamas leaders have refused Abbas demands, challenging him by keeping the administrative committee supervising the affairs of the Gaza Strip.
The refusal of Hamas for dissolving the committee, has led Abbas to announce his new intolerant policy towards Hamas members in Gaza.
So, he has threatened Hamas by cutting the financial funds for certain sectors in Gaza, such as stopping the payment for the electricity and the water , that Palestinian Government buys it from Israeli companies
Abbas also sent instruction to the Palestinian Ministry of Finance, to deduct 30% from the salaries of Palestinian Authority employees who are based in Gaza
These serious steps, considered by most of Palestinian people as tough measures that may increase more pressure on Hamas leaders in Gaza and might deteriorate the security and humanitarian conditions in Gaza Therefore, it is difficult to ignore the big signs behinds these new measures taken by Palestinian President Abbas
As, if Hamas continues defying Abbas and sabotaging his plan to restore Gaza again, it is expected that President Abbas may sooner or later declare Gaza as a rebel territory
Given the possibility of announcing Gaza as a rebel territory, this means that Palestinian Authority abandons its responsibilities for covering the financial expenses of the Gaza Strip
Furthermore, Palestinian Authority may stop its payment for employees salaries and the costs of other vital sectors in Gaza, such as education, health and energy, in order to impose a complete separation between Gaza and the West Bank and punish Hamas movement for its refusal to hand over the Gaza Strip
Thus, if Gaza becomes as a rebel territory, the most likely scenarios that might happen could be:
Scenario One: An Excessive Rule and Economic Austerity
On 22/04/2017, the Hams leader, Musheer Al Massery, stated in one conference conducted in Gaza named ” Enough for The Siege” , that Hamas has a plan to handle any action taken by President Abbas to separate from Gaza
Therefore, it is expected that Hamas movement will accept the big challenge to rule Gaza alone, through its administrative committee and without any funds from the Palestinian Authority
And, to maintain full security control on Gaza , it is estimated also that Hamas will impose more excessive laws and procedures against any youth activists or political opponents, who may harshly criticize Hamas , in order to prevent them from influencing Gazans to revolute against its rule in Gaza
It is also predicted that Hamas will apply a diplomatic policy with civil society organizations operating in Gaza, to encourage them for providing humanitarian assistance to the needy people, a support that could alleviate the pressure on Hamas
Scenario Two: Humanitarian Disaster and International Aids
In this scenario, it is expected that Hamas will cover only the salaries of its employees, and will not take responsibility for covering the salaries of other PA employees, nor the cost of supplying electricity, water, health and education services for Gazans
In addition, this potential reaction of Hamas may cause a major humanitarian disaster, and lead to the declaration of the state of emergency in Gaza.
These possible humanitarian crises may lead also United Nations organizations, and civil society members, such as Non -Governmental Organizations (NGOs) to launch an urgent appeal and advocacy campaigns to call on international community members to provide humanitarian aids for Gaza people, and lift the siege on Gaza
It is possible also, that Qatar and Turkey interfere in this situation, through providing humanitarian support to the Strip
Further intervention from Palestinian leader, Mohammed Dahlan is also, expected to promote himself as hero savior of Gazans, through intermediating between Hamas and Egypt to reopen Rafah Crossing
Scenario Three: Burning War and Huge Destruction
In this scenario, Israel may exploit the potential decision of Abbas of announcing the Gaza strip as rebel territory, and it may increase its siege on Hamas by closing all Israeli trade crossings on Gaza borders, and halting all financial transactions to Gaza banks
So, if Israel reacts in this way, this might cause a major failure of Hamas economic austerity policy, and will inflame the anger of Hamas political leaders, and their military wings who will ask for a big revenge from Israel , and in the meanwhile drawing again the attention of the world towards the humanitarian disaster in Gaza, through launching new limited war against Israel
However, this scenario is less likely to happen , because Israel is not interested in involving itself in a new war on Gaza , due to the high possibility of causing big loss to the economic sector in Israel
Therefore, it is expected that Israel will increase the economic facilities for Gaza, whenever Israeli government feels that Gaza is about to explode, applying in this way the policy of “venting the balloon ” ,before pecking it
Thus, if Hamas lost hope because of the humanitarian crisis , and the Israeli siege on it, then Hamas may involve itself in another war against Israel.
And, in case this war starts between Hamas and Israel , it may turns upside down the political and security situation in Gaza , as Israel may exploit this new , unplanned and random war to end the rule of Hamas in Gaza, and demilitarize the Strip from its weapons
This hypothese is developed based on statements of Israeli Defense Minister Avigdore Liberman, who declared through his interview with Walla News on 28/4/2017 : “if will be any new war on Gaza in the future , this war will continue till the end and will topple the rule of Hamas in Gaza”
Furthermore, it is speculated also, that if Israel succeeds in ending the Hamas rule in Gaza after the new war, it may request from the United Nations to send its peacekeeping forces to manage the affairs of the Gaza Strip for short period
And, according to an article published by Al Monitor website, the possibility of sending international forces to Gaza had been already discussed between the Israeli Prime Minister, Benjamin Netanyahu and the Australian Minister for Foreign Affairs, Julie Bishop when they had met in Sydney on 26/02/2017.
Thus, if the United Nations accepts to send its forces to Gaza, after the expected new war , it is estimated that the international forces will hand over Gaza to Palestinian Interim Committee, to lead the transitional phase in the Gaza Strip, and prepare for the new presidential and legislative elections ,that may lead to the start of a new political era in Gaza without Hamas
Scenario Four: Rebellion and Extremist Armed Groups
This scenario could happen, if Hamas fails in imposing its security control over Gaza, due to poverty, unemployment, power cuts, crossing closures and the inability of Hamas to pay the salaries of its military members
Thus, a partial split in the ranks of the movement, and an internal rebellion by some of its military members could happen, which may lead to the emergence of secret rebel movements
Moreover, those rebels may make coup against the rule of Hamas, and form extremist armed groups, in order to gradually control Gaza, dumping it into vortex of serious violence and security chaos
However, this scenario is less likely to occur in Gaza, because Hamas is known for the the strength of its internal structure, and the loyalty of its members, who adopt Islamic ideology, that promote the principles of “hearing and obedience” to the commander, the strong faith in Jihadist battles and the patience for the trials and tribulations
Finally, these four scenarios could happen only, based on how Hamas reaction will be, and the decision of Palestinian president Abbas, if he declares officially Gaza as a rebel territory or not, so this will be clear in the coming period that will determine the future of Gaza and Hamas
Hopes and Fears of two Peoples
By:Reham R. Owda
Written on 10/11/2013
Since the Israeli Prime Minister, Benjamin Netanyahu had been assigned to form the new Israeli government in February 2013, he immediately announced, that the top priorities of his new government will be preventing Iran to create nuclear weapons and restart peace negotiations with the Palestinian Authority in Ramallah headed by Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas
At that time, the U.S Secretary of State, John Kerry announced that President Barack Obama planned to visit Israel and West Bank in order to motivate both Palestinians and Israelis to re-negotiate again. Moreover, Secretary Kerry said he had phoned President Abbas and informed him the Obama Administration is insisting very much to reactivate the peace process between Israeli government and Palestinian Authority, as the administration considers the negotiation as the best solution for creating peace in Middle East and establishing two independent states following the 1967 borders according to the United Nations resolution 242
But now, after more than five months of holding many negotiations among the Palestinians and the Israelis , the Palestinian people begin to feel bored and frustrated particularly when they hear from both Israeli and Palestinian media there’s no progress on the ground, and both negotiating parties are still struggling to convince each other on the rights of their people
Thus it is very clear that there is still a lack of trust and hope between both Israeli and Palestinian negotiating teams as every time an Israeli officer or a Palestinian leader declares through media that the negotiations are leading nowhere and that these negotiations will not succeed in resolving the long held conflict between Palestinians and Israelis
So the question I’m raising here – if both parties don’t believe in negotiating, why are they still negotiating? Do they negotiate because of the pressure from the U.S.? Do they use the negotiations as a tool for pressing each other in order to gain more time to achieve their ultimate goals?
From my observation of the positions of both conflicting sides, I can say that the Palestinians aim to release their prisoners from Israeli prisons, remove the Israeli settlements from Jerusalem and West Bank, find a just solution for the problem of Palestinian refugees, and finally have their independent state on the 1967 borders with a capital in East Jerusalem. The Israelis aim to have the Jewish state recognized by Palestinians, have Jerusalem as the capital of Israel, keep some settlements as a final line of defense, and protect their national security from any potential attack directed by members of a Palestinian military resistance
But if we focus more on the way the negotiation process, we notice that each side continuously wants to exploit as much time as possible to achieve its short term objectives
Concerning the Palestinian side, the Palestinian Authority officers are negotiating now with Israeli government officers because they feel under the pressure of U.S. that promised them support of the economy of the Palestinian Territories, meanwhile these officers also want to gain the support of the international community which funds almost 1/3 of Palestinian Authority’s annual budget; one that implements many humanitarian and development projects in Gaza and West Bank
So far, it’s sad to say that at this stage in peace negotiations no one on the Israeli and Palestinian sides are seriously discussing a final solution for the conflict which is now over 60 years old. Unfortunately, they just keep meeting each other many times over under the pressure of U.S. and without any self motivations, then they comment negatively through media on the results of their meetings
These constant negative comments certainly discourage the Palestinian people in a particular way and makes them think a peace with Israel is ‘Mission Impossible’. Therefore some Palestinian intellectuals believe the Oslo agreements have failed and consider it a dead agreement, which should be deleted from the history of Palestinian policy and replaced with a new political strategy that depends on a popular resistance or even a military one
I believe that peace is not just a promise, a signed agreement or a ceremony; peace is an action that should occur based on good intention, accountability, and mutual confidence between both conflict sides. We can’t demand a solution from politicians who don’t at least trust one another, and that believe the security and future of their countries are always threatened by each other’s people
Actually, the Israeli-Palestinian conflict is not simply over land with an area of only 27,009 KM2, it’s a conflict about the right for existence two people in a land that has been consecrated by the three major religions in Middle East (Judaism, Christianity and Islam) which is why some extremist religious leaders keep painting this conflict as a holy war between believers and infidels
I suppose the best ways for the success of the peace process in the Middle East could be with steps: evaluate the results of previous peace negotiations and Oslo agreement to learn from its weak and strong points, build a bridge of trust between the two negotiating teams, create common ground between both sides, assign fair/balanced media spokesmen that actually represent the two in order to avoid contradictory comments from the politicians, and certainly keep negotiating with direct involvement and in accordance with international law